湖南自考网(www.hb230.com):湖南自考专科、本科报名、考前辅导、成绩查询公布!
关闭自考导航
报考指南
湖南自考招生院校
辅导资料
当前位置:湖南自考网 > 串讲笔记 > 公共课 > 正文

湖南自学考试英语(二)常考单词解析三

发布时间:2020-10-18 整编:湖南自考网 阅读量: 标签:
【导语】

其实英语单词的记背也是有方法的哟,用方法记的单词又多又快哦,这里 湖南自考网 小编整理了湖南自学考试英语(二)常考单词解析三,希望对大家有所帮助。 1、loyalty n.the quality of

其实英语单词的记背也是有方法的哟,用方法记的单词又多又快哦,这里湖南自考网小编整理了湖南自学考试英语(二)常考单词解析三,希望对大家有所帮助。

湖南自学考试英语(二)常考单词解析三
 
1、loyalty n.the quality of being faithful in your support of somebody/something忠诚;忠实;忠心耿耿
 
eg:We all have a loyalty to the company.我们对公司都有效忠的义务。
 
衍生
 
loyal adj.true and faithful忠诚的;忠贞的
 
用法:~to sb./sth.
 
eg:remain loyal to one's principles信守自己的原则
 
2、befriend v.to become a friend of somebody,especially somebody who needs your help做朋友;友善相待
 
eg:They befriended the young girl,providing her with food and shelter.他们热心地照顾这个年轻的姑娘,给她吃的﹑给她住处。
 
构词be-改变词性的前缀
 
加在名词或形容词前,构成及物动词
 
friend n.朋友→befriend v.友好对待
 
calm n.镇静→becalm v.使镇静
 
head n.头→behead v.砍头
 
little adj.小的→belittle v.轻视;贬低
 
3、notoriety n.fame for being bad in some way恶名;坏名声
 
eg:His crimes earned him considerable notoriety.他因犯罪而声名狼藉。
 
衍生
 
notorious adj.(derog.贬)well-known for some bad quality,deed,etc.臭名昭着的;声名狼藉的
 
用法:~for/as sth.
 
eg:a notorious criminal/area天怒人怨的罪犯/地区
 
She's notorious for her wild behaviour.她因行为野蛮而知名。
 
相近词
 
4、fame n.being known or talked about by many people名声;名气
 
eg:The young musician rose quickly to fame.那个年轻的音乐家很快就出了名。
 
famous adj.known to very many people;celebrated出名的;著名的
 
eg:New York is famous for its skyscrapers.纽约以其摩天大楼驰名。
 
well-known adj.known by a lot of people著名的
 
eg:Paris is well-known for its rich culture.巴黎以其丰富的文化而著名。
 
5、exploit v.to treat a person or situation as an opportunity to gain an advantage for yourself利用(……为自己谋利)
 
eg:They exploited her generosity shamelessly.他们无耻地利用了她的慷慨。
 
其他词义
 
use,work or develop fully(esp.mines and other natural resources)利用或开发(尤指矿藏和其他自然资源)
 
eg:exploit oil reserves,water power,solar energy,etc.开发石油资源、开发水利资源、利用太阳能等
 
衍生
 
exploitable adj.that can be exploited可利用的;可开发的
 
eg:few exploitable coal-mines少量可开采的煤矿
 
exploitation n.exploiting or being exploited利用;开发
 
eg:full exploitation of oil wells充分利用油井资源
 
6、generation n.all the people who were born at about the same time(统称)一代人,同代人,同辈人
 
eg:experience handed down from generation to generation世代相传的经验
 
其他词义产生;发生
 
eg:the generation of electricity by steam or water-power蒸汽或水力发电
 
衍生
 
generate v.cause(sth.)to exist or occur;produce使(某物)存在或发生;产生
 
eg:generate heat,electricity,power,etc.产生热﹑电﹑动力等
 
hatred generated by racial prejudice种族偏见引起的仇恨
展开全文
湖南自考网交流群

微信扫描左侧二维码 一键关注微信公众号

招生咨询/网上报名/培训辅导 /现场确认 / 准考证/考试安排/成绩查询

分数线/录取/学籍注册与查询/毕业证书/学位

湖南自考网微信交流群
自考问答