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2019年4月自考英语二真题和答案解析

发布时间:2019-08-23 整编:湖南自考网 阅读量:

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2019年4月自考英语二真题和答案解析分割线
2019年4月高等教育自学考试全国统一命题考试英语(二)
 
 
第一部分选择题、读判断:第|~团·每颗1分,共I0分。
下面的文后列出了十个句子,诘棖据还文的内容对每个句子作出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,选择B;如果该句的信息文中氵殳有提及,选择C,并在“答题卡”上将相应字母涂黑。
MyBrother
My brother is Off at college,and at age14,I miss him terribly.My brother is a rare kind Of guy.He‘s smårt and kind.And my friends say he's llovely.But it‘s how he handles things and how he treats his friends and his family that make me feel more proud。
 
He applied t0 ]4 colleges.He was accepted by all but one,the one he wanted,Brown University.SO he took his second choice,and off he went to a first year.When he came home for summer vacation,he said he‘d move tO Rhode lsland near Brown,find a jOb,and do whatever he could to become known in the area .He'd work his heart out and do his best at everything。Someone,he was sure,would notice.This was a big deal for my parents as lt meant agreeing to a year without college.But they trusted him and encouraged him to do whatever he thought it would take to realize his dream 

And,sure enough,at the end of the year,when he reapplied Brown,he was acccpted 

We were all happy,but for me the happiness went very deep.I had learned an important lesson—a lesson no one could have taught me with words.If I work hard for what I want,and if I keep trying after l've been turned down,my dreams can also come true.This is a gift |still hold in my heart
1.Mybrotherhadmanygoodqualities.
A.True
B.False
C.Not Given

 
2.Onlyoneuniversitymybrother.
A.True
B.False
C.Not Given

 
3.Mybrother‘s first year atcollege was terrible
A.True
B.False
C.Not Given

 
4.My brothe woulld like to find a job in rhode island
A.True
B.False
C.Not Given

 
5.My parents disagreed with my brother‘s plan
A.True
B.False
C.Not Given

 
6,Mybrothertookeve1Yopportunitytopromotehtmself
A.True
B.False
C.Not Given

 
7.My brother never told anyone what he was after
A.True
B.False
C.Not Given

 
8My brother applied t0 Brown University three times
A.True
B.False
C.Not Given

 
9.My brother set a good example for me
A.True
B.False
C.Not Given
10I want to go to college ,too
A.True
B.False
C.Not Given


第二部分:阅读选择(第~巧题》每题2分,共10分)
阅读下面短文,请从短文后所给各题的4个选项(A、B、c、D)中选出1个最佳选项,并在答题卡相应位置上将该项涂黑·
Garlic(大蒜)
Garlic has a long history 0f human use 0f over 7000 years lt was originally grown ln Asia.lt finally made its way  to Europe and South and North Americas in the16th century.lt rapidly spread to the world because it was easy to grow and could Stay alive ln poor conditions.
 
Garlic has also long been used in medicine.Egyptians fed garlic to the slaves to keep up their strength and to defend against diseases.The Romans believed that garlic cured many diseases and helped heal wounds.Greeks gave garlic to athletes during the OlympiC Games in ordert to increase thelr strength.
 
More recently,garlic has been mentioned as being used as a treatment for battle wounds in both World Wars.lnfact event today people eat garlic  for its supposed benefits.For example,many people eat garlic to help fight cold sand coughs.Some even claim that garlic can help prevent high blood pressure and cancer.
 
A different use for garlic in the past was to keep away bad spirits.ln some countries,people believed that if they wore garlic around their necks,bad things would not enter their bodies.And if they hung garlic outside the doors of their homes,bad things would go away.
 
Garlic is now grown everywhere in the world.China is the largest producer of garlic,followed by lndia,South Korea,Egypt and Russia.The popularlty 0f garlic has increased over the years .ltis now widely used in all types of cooking.Chinese dishes use garlic.ltalian dishes include a lot of garlic,too.Garlic is now highly valued for its taste throughout the world.
ll.Garlic was first grown in
A.North Atnenca
B.South America
C.Europe
D.Asia
 
12.Garlic was quickly accepted by people everywhere because it was
A.simple to cook
B.easy to grow
C.good for health
D.tasty in many dishes

13.Ancient Greeks believed that garlic Can help
A.cure many diseases
B.heal battle wounds
C.increase body strength
D.keep people healthy
 
]4.Some ancient people hung garlic outside their door to
A.frighten bad spirits
B.decorate their houses
C.keep away insects
D.show their wishes
 
15.The largest garlic grower in the world now is
A.Egypt
B.Korea
C.China
D.Russia
 
第三部分:概括段落大意和补全句子(第16~25题,每题1分,共10分)
阅读下面短文,请完成短文后的2项测试任务:1)从第16~20题后所给的6个选项中为第1-5段每段选择1个正确的小标题:(2)从第21~25题后所给的6个选项中选择5个正确选项,分别完成每个句子·在答题卡相应位置上将答案选项涂黑·
Easy Ways to Green up Your Life
Eating meat produces greenhouse gas emissions(排放)you can't give up meat completely,you can reduce your consumption or give up beff,don‘t eat out-of-season farm products.they are grown in greenhouses.A lOt Of energy goes intO heating the greenhouses.And shipping such out-of-season farm products by air from remote places consumes huge amount of energy,too.Just  look for local and in-season foods.
 
Spend less time behind the wheel,cycle and walk more,and use public transport more.If you have to drive,the
first thing is to choose a car that uses comparatively less fuel.Besides,
stick to the speed limit,keep your tires properly filled with alr,empty your trunk of heavy items,and accelerate and brake gently.
 
Want to take a vacation trip by plane?Don't hurry.Think again.Air travel has a big lmpact on the environrnent compared with most other forms of travel.You have better choices.consider having a vacation within driving distance.Ofcourse,taking the train is the best choice.
 
Think about how much"stuff',you own A big part Of emissions are linked to our consumption.TO reduce it we need a change in consumption culture.Do we really need all the things we buy?And d0 we alwayS need the newest one?getting fewer things and making the Ones you own last longer will reduce energy use

Your choices about heating and cooling your home are some of the most things you can dO in terms Of cutting YOur greenhouse gas emissions.Keeping the temperature a little lower in the winter and higher in the summer can make a big difference.
Task1
16.Paragraph1:                            A.Change your shopping habit
17.Paragraph2                            B.Drive less if possible
]8.Paragraph3:                            C.Take fewer air trips
19.Paragraph4:                           D.Useair-conditioing moderately
20.Paragraph5:                           E.Take fewer vacatlons
                                                       F.Eat less meat and more in-season foods
 
Task2
21.Eating beef can
22.One is advised to remove heavy things
23.One had better take a train
24.Buying less is one way to
25.To save energy,properly control
A.from his car trunk
B.your room temperature
C.for a vacauon tnp
D.increase greenhouse  gas production
E.reduce energy use
F.your water consumptlon

第四部分:填句补文(第26一30题,每题2分,共]0分)
下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌,并在答题卡相应位置上将答案选项涂黑,
ALuckyPen
"Mommy,l've got something for you!”George ran through the dOOr after school one day.He waved something above his head."See,it‘s a lucky pen!”26 I looked at the pen in my hand.There was nothing special about it.But丨didn't realize how speclal it was at that moment.
 
l had made the decision to pursue a career ln wnting.27 i had dreamed about it for a long time but i was afraid tO take chance.i was scared of rejection.
 
The night before,I had voiced those fears to my husband when i thought George wasn‘t listemng.But George must have overheard us.NOW he stood in front Of me,watching me examine the pen."You don't have to be scared now,”he sard."This pen will make your stories great and everyone will love you.”Tears filled my eyes.28 ReJection didn't seem like such a big deal any more.Even if I never sold the first story ,I had everything丨could ever need.George in my life!
 
I found out later how lucky I was when i heard what he did t0 get the pen.During lunch break at school that day,George heard a boy talking about a lucky pen he had.29The bOY was a tough negotiator but George didn't give up.ln the end,he traded his lunch,his favorite cartoon bOOk,and his neW football,his most prized possession for that pen.Just tO
make me feel better.
 
30 lt never fails tO remind me just how lucky l am!I am theluckiest mother in the world now and forever 
A.He got it as a burthday gift
B.lt was a decision full of fear and anxiety for me
C.He wanted tO get it for me.
D.He handed me the pen happily and proudly•
E.丨grabbed him and pulled him tight against me•
F.I still have that pen,though it's long out Of ink.

第五部分:填词补文(第31、40题,每题巧分,共巧分)
下面的短文有10处空白,文后列出12个词,其中IO个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌,并在答题卡相痖位置上将答案选项涂
YOung Readers,Tomorrow's Leaders?
A new study has good news for kids with strong reading skills.Such kids will have high lntelligence as they get 31.They will have a bright future.
 
The study included1890twins wh0 did reading tests at 32 _7and12,and an intelligence test at16The twins had the sarne genes(基因)and home environment.Therefore,the 33 between them had to be due t0 factors that they did not 34.For example,one had a better teacher than the other.Some kids did better on the reading 35 than thelr twin brother or sister.They 36 did better on the intelligence test.The reading skills 37 to enhanced intelligence were evident by age7.this shows that reading skills can 38 a child's intellectual development.
 
The study also helps to 39 the differences among kids in the same family.They share genes,40 conditions and parents.But they can be different in intelligence.
A.also
B.differences
C.only
D.explain
E.tests
F.affect
G.ages
H.living
I.share
J.older
K.related
L.interested


第六部分:完形补文(第41、50题,每题巧分,共巧分)
下面的短文有10处空白,每处空白后的括号内有一个试,请根据文内容将其正确的形式填入文中,以恢复文童原貌,并将答案写在答题卡相应的位置上·
StudentLOans
Federal Student Aid is an office providing(provide) student loans for higher education.theU.S.government knows the 41—(important)of higher education in positively42 (impact)the nation.lt makes Sure that each43(qualify)student in America iS able to get 44(finance)help for higher education.
 
Though parentS can choose private funding through45(bank),the interest rates can be 46 (excessive)high.On the other hand,the interest rates 0f federally funded student loans are much less in 47 (compare).lt iS,therefore,very important that parents take all Steps 48(require) tO apply for student loans through the govemment.
 
Federal Student Aid is involved in 49.(educate)students and their families on the exact procedures tO get student loans.Once the applications are 50(receive),it processes them before the start of each school year.
第七部分:短文写作(第51题,30分)
请根据所提供材料中的要求完成一篇1佣词左右的英文写作任务。将你的答案写在答题卡相应的位置上.
51.
某英文报社正在举办题为"Livc到lealthyLife"的征文活动。请就此题目写一篇英文短文应征,内容包括:
·什么是健康的生活方式?你是怎么做的

参考答案:
1-5ABCAB
6-10ABBAC
11-15DBCAC
16-20FBCAD
21-25DACEB
26-30DBECF
31-35JGBIE
36-40AKFDH


41.importance
42.impacting
43.qualified
44.financial
45.Banks
46.excessively
47,COmparison
48.required
49.educating
50,received
51.范文略
 
 

2019年4月自考英语二真题和答案解析分割线

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